Reverend Welbern Bowman Oral History Interview

Oral History Interview with
Reverend Welbern Bowman

Former pastor of First Baptist Church, Grandview, Missouri, the church in which Harry S. Truman held membership for most of his adult life; pastor of the Grandview church, 1941-69; conducted funeral services for Mrs. Martha Truman, 1947; longtime friend and spiritual counselor of the Truman family.

Grandview, Missouri
February 4, 1981
by Niel Johnson

[Notices and Restrictions | Interview Transcript | Appendicies | List of Subjects Discussed]

This is a transcript of a tape-recorded interview conducted for the Harry S. Truman Library. A draft of this transcript was edited by the interviewee but only minor emendations were made; therefore, the reader should remember that this is essentially a transcript of the spoken, rather than the written word.

Numbers appearing in square brackets (ex. [45]) within the transcript indicate the pagination in the original, hardcopy version of the oral history interview.

This oral history transcript may be read, quoted from, cited, and reproduced for purposes of research. It may not be published in full except by permission of the Harry S. Truman Library.

Opened July, 1981
Harry S. Truman Library
Independence, Missouri

[Top of the Page | Notices and Restrictions | Interview Transcript | Appendicies | List of Subjects Discussed]

Oral History Interview with
Reverend Welbern Bowman

Grandview, Missouri
February 4, 1981
by Niel Johnson



JOHNSON: I'd like to start, Reverend Bowman, by asking you for something of your own background. Could you tell me when and where you were born and what your parents' names were?

BOWMAN: Well, my parents' names were Jasper Bowman and Maggie Bowman. I was born in Cherokee, Kansas in 1904, July 31. When I was about five years old we moved back to north Missouri. That's where my parents originally had lived; in fact, they were born in Gentry County, Missouri and grew up



there. I spent the rest of my time, through my schooling, in Gentry County, on a farm. My dad was a farmer.

JOHNSON: What town was that near, or close to?

BOWMAN: Our mail address was King City, Missouri, but we lived near a little town called Berlin. I went to the grade school and then to high school in the Grandview Consolidated Schools -- not the Grandview we live in now. It was a consolidated school in north Missouri. Later I went to Baptist Central Seminary in Kansas City, Kansas, and William Jewell College, and then back to Central Seminary again where I got my BD degree. In fact, I worked toward my doctor's degree, but I never did complete that. We got into a building program at the church; also right in the middle of my working towards this degree, the seminary split. It had been doubly aligned with the American Baptists and the Southern Baptists. It dissolved that relationship and became a Northern



Baptist seminary, and they quit giving the doctor's degree. So that left me out in the cold, so to speak. Of course, at that time I was pastor here in Grandview; I came here in 1941. My wife and I moved here from Albany, Missouri where I was the pastor of the First Baptist Church.

JOHNSON: Was that your first charge?

BOWMAN: No, my first church was a little country church close to Princeton, Missouri. I was also pastor at Alanthus, Missouri. After leaving there, I went to Santa Rosa, Missouri and was pastor there for a number of years. In fact, I was pastor of two churches at the same time -- I preached one Sunday in one church and the next Sunday in the other. Besides Santa Rosa, I was pastor of the Freedom Baptist Church. Then I went to Albany.

I was at Albany for about two and a half years. Then I came to Grandview, in April of 1941. I was pastor here until I retired in '69, on the last day of July.



JOHNSON: That was about 28 years?

BOWMAN: A little over 28. Twenty-eight years and three or four months, something like that.

JOHNSON: What brought you to Grandview, just an opening here?

BOWMAN: I had a letter from the church here and they asked me if I was interested. I came and preached one Sunday. Of course, the Baptists choose their preachers by having them come and they'll interview them, and have them preach, and then the church will vote whether they do or do not want them as a pastor. So the church called me and we moved here in April of '41. I was here until I retired.

JOHNSON: When was the first time you met any of the Truman family?

BOWMAN: I don't recall the exact date or time, but it was a short time after I came here, because Mary was active in the church at that time. She was



among the first ones that I met when I came to Grandview.

JOHNSON: Was she teaching Sunday School when you first came?

BOWMAN: I don't think she was teaching at that time. She had been teaching before, but I don't think she was a teacher then. She did teach later during the time of my ministry. She had a group of young people; they called it the Young Married Couples class. I suppose there were 35-40 in her class. She taught this group for a number of years.

JOHNSON: You're not sure when you first met the Trumans, but what were the circumstances of the first time that you do recall visiting with the Trumans?

BOWMAN: Well, the first time I remember meeting with Grandma Truman, of course, she wasn't able to get out much even then, was in her home. She was a



very outstanding person in a lot of ways, outspoken, and all of that. She had been a member of this church for a long time. I don't know the date -- it's in the minutes -- but a long time ago she had joined the Baptist Church here. But Mary was active in the church. Of course, the President's membership was still here, but he was in Washington at that time, as a Senator, when I came here.

JOHNSON: Do you know what year he took membership in the Grandview church?

BOWMAN: No, I'd have to check on that, but I think it was back in 1916. The date's on the plaque up there in the church.

JOHNSON: Do you know the church he belonged to previous to the Grandview church?

BOWMAN: No, I don't.

JOHNSON: Apparently he did belong to the Benton Boulevard Baptist Church...



BOWMAN: In Kansas City?

JOHNSON: …before he took membership here.

BOWMAN: I don't recall. In fact, I don't know whether he came by letter or by baptism. If he came from Benton he came by letter, a transfer letter.

JOHNSON: When you visited with his mother, Martha, do you recall anything that you conversed about? Did you talk about her son, Harry, do you recall?

BOWMAN: No, not at that time, because he was a Senator then, and really that's been 40 years ago, so I don't remember what our conversation was. But I know we did talk at various times about her son, and I know after he became President I did make the remark one day when I was visiting with her, something like, "You're proud of your son." And she said, "Yes, but I have another son that I'm just as proud of as I am of the President." In other words, she wasn't showing any partiality.



JOHNSON: When did you first see President Truman, or was he still Senator or Vice President when you first met him?

BOWMAN: Well, I don't know. I may have met him when he was Senator, but I'm not positive. I know a short time after he became President his mother took sick, and she was very ill. He was here for about two weeks and...

JOHNSON: That was in 1947, March.

BOWMAN: He was out here at the home every day and I saw him almost every day for those two weeks, because we just lived about a block and a half from where the Trumans lived. So I would go over there most every day. Sometimes I would converse with him, and sometimes I'd just speak to him; he'd be there and I'd just step in and ask him how their mother was doing.

JOHNSON: Do you remember him attending any of the services, say, between 1941 when you came and this period until '47?



BOWMAN: No, he didn't. He was not here in a service, to my knowledge, until he came when the church was dedicated. After the church was dedicated he was back by here a number of times. I remember one time I was in the church and he came by and stopped for a little while. Of course, that was on a weekday. Most of the time that he was here, it was during the week. He just wasn't here on a Sunday to come to church.

JOHNSON: You do have some correspondence apparently with Mr. Truman?

BOWMAN: Yes, I have a number of letters (See Appendicies).

JOHNSON: When was it that you first wrote to him or he wrote to you?

BOWMAN: Oh, my goodness, I don't know. I know we corresponded back and forth quite a bit about the time the church was built. We started raising money back in 1948, but the building was not built until '49 and '50. We had quite



a lot of correspondence at that time.

JOHNSON: Did you inform him of the fact that you were going to build a new building?

BOWMAN: No, I think the first that I remember about the church building was when Vivian, his brother, here in Grandview, was talking to Mr. Carr, one of the deacons. He said that he had either talked to Harry or he had had some correspondence with him, and Harry was asking him about the church. He said he would like to know more about it and wanted someone to get in touch with him. And so I made contact then with him and we corresponded back and forth and he invited us to come to Washington; he wanted to talk with us. So Mr. Carr and I went to Washington.

JOHNSON: About when would that have been?

BOWMAN: That was sometime in '49, but I don't remember what time of the year it was. We spent at least two or three days in Washington.



JOHNSON: Could you give us a little detail on that trip?

BOWMAN: Well, like I said, when we arrived at the hotel, a note was there waiting for me and said to call as soon as we arrived. As soon as I could, I called the White House and they put me in touch with him, and he said, "I'll send a car over after you. It will be right over."

So, we went over there, and he was in the Oval Room. We visited with him for quite some time. Then, we were back in the White House a time or two before we came home.

JOHNSON: On this first visit to the Oval Office, do you recall the nature of the conversation?

BOWMAN: I don't remember other than the fact that he just wanted to know what kind of a church we were going to build and where we were going to build it and so forth. The church originally had been up on Main Street and Grandview Road. That is almost one half mile west of where it is now.



Because of the fact that we didn't have enough ground there to build the kind of building that we wanted and we felt we needed to get out where we could have parking space, we purchased the property where the church is located now. Really, we had the plans for the new church to be built on the original tract, but after President Truman contacted us and told us that he wanted to make a contribution, we decided that we could really do what we had wanted to do in the first place, and that was to move out.

JOHNSON: So this statement that he had...

BOWMAN: The statement that he made that he wanted to make a substantial donation to the church was the thing that really caused the church to move. They had voted to stay on the old location, but they reconsidered and moved the location to where it is now. That came as a result of the fact that he said, "I want to give a substantial amount." He didn't say how much.



JOHNSON: That was in the first meeting there in the Oval Office, that he said that he wanted to make a contribution?

BOWMAN: Well, I think we did that by correspondence. But he did commit himself there at that time. I think he said, "I'll give you at least 20 thousand dollars." He gave that and then I'm sure he gave some more later, but that was the main part.

JOHNSON: What kind of information did you have for him at that first meeting? Did you have a sketch of the proposed building?

BOWMAN: No, we didn't have it at that time. In fact, we didn't have anything, because we hadn't planned it. Then we came back home and started planning a little bigger than we had planned before.

JOHNSON: What was the membership in '41?

BOWMAN: Oh, about 350.

JOHNSON: What was it then in '49 when you visited the White House?



BOWMAN: It was about 350 when I came here and then I suppose it was probably six or seven hundred at the time we were planning on rebuilding.

JOHNSON: The reason for building was to accommodate a larger congregation?

BOWMAN: Yes, we had to because we were getting to the place where we had reached our capacity in the old building. So we decided that we would have to have a bigger building. A short time after that, the church membership began to grow and after we got into the new building of course we increased much faster. I think at the time I retired there was something like 1700 members.

JOHNSON: In that first meeting you kind of briefed him on your ideas for a new church building?

BOWMAN: That's right.

JOHNSON: And then you did go back and visit him once again before you left Washington?

BOWMAN: Well, yes. Before we left Washington we



were in the White House two or three times. But in that first meeting we just answered some questions that he had, and then he said, “I’ll talk to you later,” or something. Anyway, we were there...

JOHNSON: About how long of a meeting was it?

BOWMAN: Oh, I don’t suppose we met with him more than a half or three-quarters of an hour the first time.

JOHNSON: Who was there beside yourself?

BOWMAN: A. L. Carr, one of the deacons in the church.

JOHNSON: What was his first name?

BOWMAN: Aubrey was his name, but he always signed his name, A. L. Carr. And he had known Truman long before I knew him, because even when Truman was here on the farm, Carr was here. He operated a lumber yard here in Grandview for the Jones Company of Lee’s Summit. He had managed this



lumber yard for years and years, and so he and Truman, I guess, were friends when they were fairly young men.

JOHNSON: Now anyone besides Mr. Carr and yourself? Just the two of you?

BOWMAN: Just the two of us there on that trip to Washington.

JOHNSON: Then you had correspondence about the project after you came back?

BOWMAN: Yes, we did. It wasn't too long after we were in Washington until we started breaking ground and building.

JOHNSON: He wrote a check and included it with one of the letters, and then he sent a second check. Is that the way it was?

BOWMAN: He sent two checks as I recall. I'd say that two or three weeks after we were there we got the first check for $10,000. Then perhaps in



another month, or six weeks, we got another check for $10,000. That made a total of $20,000.

JOHNSON: But then when did you decide to change the location of the church?

BOWMAN: We'd already decided to change the location. We decided that when he told us he would give us a substantial amount. He wasn't in favor of the church being built where the old one was because he knew that the situation was such that it couldn't expand there.

JOHNSON: No parking facilities?

BOWMAN: No parking facilities at all, and it was right there in the very center of the old part of Grandview. There wasn't much space to expand unless several houses would be torn down. What motivated the church to move was the fact that he said he would give us a substantial amount. He didn't commit himself as far as dollars and cents were concerned -- but he did



say, "I'll give you a substantial gift."

JOHNSON: Maybe on the implied condition that you build where you have more room?

BOWMAN: No. He said, "You can build any kind of church you want to build and wherever you want to build it," but he said, "I'd prefer that it wouldn't be built in the old place." But he didn't clamp down and say you've got to do it or else. He didn't do that.

JOHNSON: I've heard the statement made that he had specified that he wanted stained glass windows. Do you recall any comment that he made about stained glass windows?

BOWMAN: I don't recall him ever saying to me that we have to have, or he preferred stained glass windows. Those windows weren't specified by any particular one. The church just voted to put stained windows in the building, He may have expressed himself that he would like to see



stained windows, but I don’t recall. I just don’t remember.

JOHNSON: Did the previous church building have stained glass windows?

BOWMAN: Yes, it had some stained glass windows, but they weren’t all stained glass. There were two, one on the south and one on the north, and they were a triple window, one tall one in the middle and then two small ones on the sides.

JOHNSON: Did you preserve, or salvage any of that?

BOWMAN: No, we didn’t. Because the church was sold; in fact, Truman bought it.

JOHNSON: Oh, the old building?

BOWMAN: He bought the old building from the church and then in turn sold it to the Assembly of God, so it would remain there as a church. And the windows were left in it.

JOHNSON: Do you remember the price that was paid



for that old building?


JOHNSON: I recall in his statements at the dedication, that he did not want to see the old site converted into a tavern, for instance. Do you recall his comments on that?

BOWMAN: No, I don't recall that. It sounds like him, but I didn't hear him say it.

JOHNSON: That building was torn down, wasn't it, your old building?

BOWMAN: Yes. It was torn down.

Well, let's see. We moved out of it in '50 and I would say it was there four or five years after that. Then some wreckage company came in and tore it down to build a filling station there.

JOHNSON: But now the Assembly of God did use it for those four years?

BOWMAN: They moved in a few months after we moved out of it. They used it for three or four years.



JOHNSON: Do you recall anything being salvaged from that building that was wrecked?

BOWMAN: There is only one thing that I know of that was salvaged from it. When they knocked it down, I was standing up there on the north side of the street, and there was a ball on top of the steeple. When they hit the thing with those big hammers it fell and rolled across the street, and I picked it up.

JOHNSON: There had been a bell up there in the steeple?

BOWMAN: Yes, there was a bell.

JOHNSON: What happened to the bell?

BOWMAN: The bell is in the present building.

JOHNSON: Okay, they did salvage the bell.

BOWMAN: We salvaged the bell. It was taken out before they sold the building. We had an understanding that we were going to take the bell out. It's in the tower of the present church.



JOHNSON: Well, how about the old altar, the communion service...

BOWMAN: The old furniture, the pulpit and the chairs -- the pulpit furniture -- was taken out and it was put in the new building in a lower basement. Then we started a mission at Martin City, and so the pulpit, and the furniture from the old church, the two chairs and the pulpit, were refinished and were put in the mission. Later they put in new furniture at Martin City, but what they have done with the old furniture I don't know.

JOHNSON: The previous church building, the one we are referring to, was built in 1907.

BOWMAN: Along in there somewhere.

JOHNSON: And the building prior to that had been the one that stood across the road from the Truman farm, and it was called the Blue Ridge Baptist Church. That building was moved into town, and then later it was torn down. What I'm wondering is if there were any objects that might have



originated in that old building, the Blue Ridge Baptist Church building, when it stood across from the Truman farm.

BOWMAN: Out by the cemetery. I don't know; nothing to my knowledge. Now we do have the minutes, the minutes of all of the business meetings of that church since it was organized.

JOHNSON: How far back are they?

BOWMAN: That goes back to 1847 I believe.

JOHNSON: You have minutes for that whole period?

BOWMAN: Yes, we have the minutes for everything. There was a period of time during the Civil War that they didn't have services, but we have the minutes of the first business meeting of the church, and all of the records from that time until now. Every time they had a business meeting, their monthly records were recorded and we have the minutes. It even tells about how much the first church building cost to build.



JOHNSON: Do you think there are any mentions of Harry Truman in that period from 1906 to 1917 when he was living out here on the farm?

BOWMAN: I don't know; there might be. It's probably somewhere in the records when he joined the church, because they have a record of all the people that joined the church. I suppose you could go back and find out just exactly when he did, but I don't know whether there is anything as I do not recall anything in the minutes. I read some of them, but I didn't read all because it was over a period of a hundred years and I just didn't read all of them.

JOHNSON: He moved out here in the spring of 1906 so I suppose if there is mention of it, it would be along early in that year.

BOWMAN: Well, I don't know how long he was here before he joined the church, you see. He could have been living here two or three years before he joined the church, so there is no way of knowing. Unless



it's in the minutes.

JOHNSON: I'm wondering about the handwriting if a person tried to read those old minutes. Would it be very difficult?

BOWMAN: Well, you'd be surprised; it's better handwriting than some that you get now. Some of them I know are getting dim; they are pretty much faded, but...

JOHNSON: But they haven't been retyped?

BOWMAN: No, they're the original. Some of those old records, you know, are pretty fancy writing.

JOHNSON: Spencer style or whatever they called it? Those records are kept in a secure place in the bank?

BOWMAN: To my knowledge, that's where they were when I retired, and I think they are still there in the bank vault.

JOHNSON: This will probably be before your time, but



I think I have read that he played the piano occasionally for church functions.

BOWMAN: He might have, I don't know; Mary did. Mary was pianist for a good long while. In fact, we still have a piano in the church that was used when Mary was pianist, It's an old Steinway, and she was on the committee that helped purchase the piano.

JOHNSON: Oh, yes, now didn't Harry Truman pick that out more or less? Didn't he go to Jenkins Music store?

BOWMAN: I don't know a thing about that.

JOHNSON: Something about they had to get a Steinway; do you recall...

BOWMAN: I don't know. Mary was strong on Steinways, I think, and she was on the committee that helped to purchase that particular piano. So when they moved from the old church to the new church, that piano was moved. We had other pianos in



the church. I don't remember, but I think they were moved too. It still plays and is being used.

JOHNSON: It's a baby grand?

BOWMAN: No, it's an upright piano. The church does have a grand Steinway, but the church bought that after they built the new building -- and the organ that's in the church.

JOHNSON: I think that Mr. Truman did have something to do with one of those two Steinways.

BOWMAN: Well, it's probably the first one, if he did, because that was the one when Mary was on the committee. He didn't have anything to do with the second one, I know, because that was purchased after I came.

JOHNSON: Do you have an organ in the church?

BOMWAN: There's a Hammond organ.

JOHNSON: Did you have an organ in the previous church building?



BOWMAN: Yes, we had one. The church bought an organ and put it in the old building; it was a Hammond.

JOHNSON: That was some time after you...

BOWMAN: I don't know; I suppose we had it in there about four or five years before the church moved from the old building.

JOHNSON: Was Mary Jane the organist?

BOWMAN: No, she was not the organist then. She has never been organist or pianist since I have been here, only to fill in some. But the time they bought this new upright she was the pianist, so I imagine that's one of the reasons she was on the committee to pick out a new piano, when they bought that Steinway.

JOHNSON: She and her mother were members here, when you arrived. Were there any other of the Trumans that were members?

BOWMAN: No. Well now, Vivian's oldest son was a



member of the Baptist Church.

JOHNSON: J. C., I believe.

BOWMAN: Yes, He was a member of the church, but Vivian's other two boys and their daughter, all of them, were members of the Hickman Mills Christian Church. But their oldest son was a member of the Baptist Church. He lived in Independence when I came here, so he was never active in this church.

JOHNSON: Getting up to that 1950 dedication again. After your first visit to Washington and your conversations with President Truman, did you make a return visit on the same project?

BOWMAN: No, not to Washington.

JOHNSON: So then everything was done by correspondence up to the point when he came out to take part in this dedication?

BOWMAN: I had been in Washington earlier, but not for



that purpose. I was in the White House earlier.

JOHNSON: When was that?

BOWMAN: Well, there was a church in Washington -- in fact I don't even remember the name of the church -- that asked me to come and speak in their church. I went back there and this preacher and I went to the White House. In fact, I always felt like he used me to get in to see the President, but maybe not. Anyway, we went to see and meet with the President while I was there. Then Mary and her mother -- this was before her mother died, so it wouldn't have been too long after Harry became President -- were there in Washington, and Mary gave this preacher and me a tour of the White House. We even went into their private personal living quarters.

JOHNSON: You say Mary's mother, Martha, was still living?

BOWMAN: She was still living. I remember talking to



Grandma Truman while I was there because I knew her.

JOHNSON: That's when she was visiting the White House?

BOWMAN: Yes, she was visiting there; she was there for about two weeks with her son, she and Mary.

JOHNSON: She didn't talk about the Lincoln bedroom while you were there?

BOWMAN: No. I've seen the Lincoln bedroom, but she didn't talk about it.

The first trip I made to the White House was not too long after he became President.

JOHNSON: Yes, in fact I think that was a few days after VE-Day in '45 that she made her trip to Washington and stayed in the White House. Dr. Pruden, I believe, was pastor of the First Baptist Church.

BOWMAN: Yes, but he wasn't the one that I talked to. It was another preacher.

JOHNSON: Did you meet Pastor Pruden?



BOWMAN: No. I met him, I think, here in Kansas City one time a number of years ago. He was back here, but I didn't meet him in Washington.

JOHNSON: How did you get in to see the President that first visit?

BOWMAN: Well, I just called, and of course Mary was there, I don't recall whether I talked to the President before I went.

JOHNSON: You and this other pastor, both went over?

BOWMAN: It was this pastor that I went to visit and preach in his church; he wanted to get in the White House and wanted to meet the family. Well, as I said, I think he used me to get over there.

JOHNSON: Was that the first time you had met Harry Truman?

BOWMAN: No, I don't think that was the first time. I think I had met him here, but...

JOHNSON: So you were to some extent, at least,



acquainted with him?

BOWMAN: Yes, I didn't know him too well at that time. But I do know we were there and went in the White House and visited there.

JOHNSON: Did you go into the Oval Office on that visit?

BOWMAN: I don't recall whether I did or not. I think maybe we did because I think Mary took us through everything, just the three of us, this preacher and Mary and me. She took us through all of their living quarters and showed us the entire White House.

JOHNSON: You know there was a complete renovation there between "48 and '52 so you got to see it before the renovation.

BOWMAN: I guess that was before it was overhauled.

JOHNSON: Yes, alright.

Getting back to the dedication, events leading



up to the dedication -- at what point was President Truman invited to make remarks here and lead a responsive reading?

BOWMAN: Well, we wrote to him and asked him if he would come and be here at the time of the dedication, and he said that he would be in Grandview, or in Missouri. He'd be back home over this Christmastime, and so the church was dedicated in December of 1950.

JOHNSON: That's right, December 24, at 2 o'clock in the afternoon.

BOWMAN: And so we asked him and he said that he would be here over Christmas and that he would be glad to come. So that's how it happened. We made that arrangement and he led the responsive reading. I think it's in that program.

JOHNSON: And he made some remarks that are in the public record, a kind of a short sermon, so to speak.



BOWMAN: I don't think he had too much to say at that time. I think he made some remarks, but I don't remember now just what they were.

JOHNSON: In one of his comments from Mr. Citizen, which you may be familiar with, he says, "I had found that I could not appear regularly in church either in Grandview or in Independence without feeling like a showpiece or someone on exhibit, so I do not go as often as I want to. People ought to go to church to worship God and not to see some mortal who is there." Did he express that kind of feeling to you?

BOWMAN: Yes, he did. He told me one time, "One reason I don't got to church more than I do is that I don't want people to come to church to see the President. They ought to go there to worship God." He said, "I understand that when Calvin Coolidge" -- I believe it was Coolidge -- "was President that there was one particular church that he attended." And he said, "The people knew that he would go to church every Sunday,"



and he said, "those people who were regular members of that church were practically crowded out by visitors." And he said, "Then when he ceased to be President they quit and it almost killed the church." And he said, "I don't want to do that."

JOHNSON: So there was a precedent that he was able to cite for this sort of thing.

BOWMAN: He said he didn't want that to happen, and he said therefore he was not going to be there regularly, and he didn't want people to know when he was going to go. He wanted to go when he wanted to go and that was it!

JOHNSON: Did he notify the pastor though ahead of time if he was going to be there?

BOWMAN: I don't know.

JOHNSON: We mentioned this gift of $20,000 to the building of the new church. I think you mentioned that he also gave some other monetary gifts.



BOWMAN: Well, he did. He made contributions which came through the general fund, and I wouldn't say how much he gave. I don't know, because I did not keep a record of the amount of money that he gave any more than I would keep a record of what anyone gave. That's between them and their God.

JOHNSON: After the dedication in 1950 did he visit the church at all?

BOWMAN: No, I don't recall of him being in a regular service from that time.

JOHNSON: There is also mention of a Bible that he gave and was presented by Mary Jane, his sister. Could you give us the story on that Bible?

BOWMAN: Well, he told me that he had a Bible that he wanted to give to the church. It was given to him by the World Publishing Company. They presented it to him, and it's the only one in the world like it. There's no other Bible like it.



That's what he told me, that there were a number of Bibles printed at the same time, but this is the only one that had the red sheepskin leather back. The rest of them had black leather. But the print was the same as in the other Bibles. It's a large Bible. He sent that. In fact I still have the box, the crate, that it came in around here somewhere. Then after we received it, oh, I suppose maybe six months or something like that, he asked me to return it, because he wanted to have it engraved. So I sent it back and that's when he had put on the front of it an inscription that it was presented to the First Baptist Church in memory of his mother. Now for a number of years it's been in a glass case. In fact, I built the thing the Bible sits in. It's covered over with plastic, heavy plastic, which is light resistant to keep the pages from turning yellow, and...

JOHNSON: It sits there more or less permanently in the front of the church?



BOWMAN: Yes. It stays there on the communion table, lies open, but it’s under this plastic cover. Mary presented it to the church on behalf of her brother.

JOHNSON: Is that in this picture up here?

BOWMAN: The Bible had been there for a little while, but that is when she made a public presentation of the Bible. We had this special service and she made the presentation. Now it’s raised up just a little bit, with the glass cover over the top of it.

JOHNSON: But it’s still on the same table, this communion table.

BOWMAN: It’s still on the same table.

JOHNSON: Which is right in front…

BOWMAN: Right in front of the pulpit. And the only time it’s taken off is when they have communion service.



JOHNSON: Woodworking is a hobby of yours I gather?

BOWMAN: Of mine, yes.

JOHNSON: I suppose we ought to put in the record this other incident that you mentioned, when you lost two fingers. That wasn't in building this, is that right?


JOHNSON: You were building something for Vacation Bible School?

BOWMAN: Yes, for Vacation Bible School.

JOHNSON: And then how did Mr. Truman get involved in that?

BOWMAN: Well, you see, he was back home here at the time I did that. I think Mary was talking to him, and she made the remark to him that Brother Bowman cut some fingers off and was in the hospital. And when she talked to h