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Oscar R. Ewing Oral History

Oral History Interviews with
Oscar R. Ewing

  Oscar R. Ewing
Attorney, Hughes, Hubbard & Ewing, New York, New York, and predecessor firms, 1919-1947; Assistant Chairman of the Democratic National Committee, 1940-42; Vice Chairman, 1942-47; Special Assistant to the U.S. Attorney General, 1942 and again in 1947; Acting Chairman of the Democratic National Committee, 1946; Administrator of the Federal Security Agency, 1947-53; and organizer and member of an unofficial political policy group during the Truman administration, 1947-52.

[Notices and Restrictions | List of Subjects Discussed]


Notice
These are transcripts of tape-recorded interviews conducted for the Harry S. Truman Library. A draft of each transcript was edited by the interviewee but only minor emendations were made; therefore, the reader should remember that these are essentially transcripts of the spoken, rather than the written word.

Numbers appearing in square brackets (ex. [45]) within the transcript indicate the pagination in the original, hardcopy version of the oral history interview

See also: Oscar R. Ewing Papers

RESTRICTIONS
These oral history transcripts may be read, quoted from, cited, and reproduced for purposes of research. They may not be published in full except by permission of the Harry S. Truman Library.


 List of Subjects Discussed

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

    A
    Acheson, Dean, 134, 355
    Africa, 134
    Aging, Conference on, 230-231
    Agriculture, Department of, 199
    Akron, Ohio, 122
    Alaska, 246
    Albany County, New York, 346, 353
    Albany, New York, 351
    Alcoa (Aluminum Company of America), 86-90, 115, 142, 239-240
    Alexander, Paul, 24
    Allen, George E., 164-165
    Allenby, Edmund Henry, 276, 277
    Altmeyer, Arthur, 174, 176, 187, 208, 209, 220-221
    Aluminum Company of America (Alcoa), 86-90, 115, 142, 239-240
    Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America , 194
    American Broadcasting Corporation, 343
    American Civil Liberties League, 32
    American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL CIO), 191
    American Legion, 74
    American Medical Association (AMA), 173, 181, 184, 189, 192 , 197, 213, 217, 223, 251

      attempts to raise money, 177-178
      National Health Insurance, opposition to, 213-214, 223
      Whitaker and Baxter, as public relations representatives; for, 225
    American Patients Association, 193, 194
    Anderson, Albert, 35-37
    "Annals of North Carolina", 4
    Anslinger, Harry, 61, 63, 66, 71, 72-73
    Arkansas, 214
    Arvey Jacob M., 226, 267, 330
    Asheville, North Carolina, 93
    Austin, Warren, 274, 275, 295
    Austria, 154

    B
    Baldwin, Roger, 32
    Balfour Declaration, 275
    Bangkok Conference, 68-73
    Bangkok, Thailand, 68-69
    Barkee, David Rankin, 244
    Barkley, Alben, 168, 317, 319-320
    Barnes, Vera, 101
    Baruch, Bernard, 324

      Truman, Harry S., relationship with, 313-315
    Bath County, Kentucky, 3, 5, 6
    Batt, William, Jr., 271-272, 273
    Bell, David, 163, 306
    Benson, Ezra Taft, 99
    Benton, Elmer, 98
    Berlin, Germany, 154
    Bernadotte plan, 282, 283, 285, 286
    Best, Robert, 152-153
    Beta Theta Pi, 8
    Biddle, Francis, 87, 93, 116, 149-150, 151, 152, 345
    Biffle, Leslie, 168, 319-320
    Biloxi, Mississippi, 340-341
    Biltmore Hotel (NYC), 68, 84, 85, 91, 285-286, 287
    Birkhead, Kenny, 272
    Bismark, Otto Eduard Leopold Von, 175
    Black Hills in South Dakota, 42
    Blue Cross, 214
    Blue Cross and Blue Shield, 215
    Blue Sky Law, (North Carolina), 93
    Bolsheviks, 38
    Bombay, India, 356
    Boone, Daniel, 4
    Boone, Squire, 4
    Boston, Massachusetts, 157, 158, 209
    Boyle, Bill (William), 165-166
    Brannan, Charles, 127, 132, 269
    Bray, William J., 312
    Brewster, Owen, 22
    Brightman, Sam, 312
    British Health Service, 222-223, 248, 338
    Bronx, New York, 346
    Brooks Brothers, 12
    Brookville, Indiana, 6
    Brown Shirts, 93
    Bruce, Herbert, 123, 124
    Bryan, William Jennings, 17
    Budget, Bureau of, 232, 233
    Bunche, Ralph, 282, 290
    Bundy, Harvey, 70, 72
    Bundy, McGeorge, 70
    Bundy, William, 70
    Bureau of the Budget, 232, 233
    Bureau of Employment Security, 258
    Burgoyne, John, 4
    Burroughs, Danny, 123
    Byrnes, James F., 103, 111-112

    C
    Caldwell, John C., 61, 62, 65, 66

      Bangkok Conference, efforts to stop his influence at, 68-73
    California Medical Association, 179
    Cambridge, Massachusetts, 11, 13
    Camden, South Carolina, 4
    Canada, 43
    Canandaigua, New York, 370
    Cancer Institute, 202
    Capehart, Homer, 352
    Carlton Hotel (Washington, D.C.), 142, 143
    Carter, J. Franklin, 311
    Castle, William, 71, 72
    Cecil County, Maryland, 1, 2
    Celanese Corporation, 365
    .Chandler, Douglas, 148, 167, 345
      background of, 154
      prosecuted for treason, 148-162
    Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 368-369, 370
    Chapman, Oscar, 164, 270-271, 316
    Charleston, South Carolina, 4
    Chester County, Pennsylvania, 3
    Chicago, Illinois, 110, 122, 266
    Child and Maternal Welfare Section of the Federal Security Agency, 341
    "Children's Act of 1949", 232
    Children's Bureau, 243-244
    China, 67 Choate Club, 12
    Cincinnati, Ohio, 5, 6
    Civil Rights, 274, 309, 321 Civil Rights Commission, 132, 321
    Civil Rights Plank, in the Democratic convention platform of 1948, 303-304
    Clapper, Ray(mond), 76
    Clark, Ramsey, 116
    Clark, Tom, 116, 147-148, 151, 164
    Clifford, Clark, 119, 127, 140, 141, 143-144, 305, 306, 310, 313, 316, 351
      Ewing, Oscar, attends meetings at the apartment of, 129, 131, 132
      Israel, problems involved with, 283, 285-295
    Cohen, Wilbur, 187, 220, 337, 354
    Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 42
    Committee for the Nation's Health, 175, 217
    Confederate Army, 18
    Congress, 269, 326
      Eightieth, recall of, 313
    Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), 191
    Congressional election of 1946, 119, 120
    Congressional Record, 23
    Connelly, Matthew, 119, 129-130, 330, 331, 332, 339, 348
    Connorton, John, 216-217
    Comptroller General of the United States, 356
    Cornell University, 46
    Corning, Erastus, 351, 353
    Cotton, Joseph P., 61
    Cowpens, South Carolina, 5
    Coy, Wayne, 74, 80, 90
    Cravath and Henderson, 34
    Cruikshank, Nelson, 191, 221, 222
    Current Biography, 256
    Custer, George, 42, 43

    D
    Daniels, Jonathan, 311
    Daughters of the American Revolution, 214
    Davidson, C. Girard, 127
    Davies, Joseph E., 350
    Davis, Arthur V., 88, 91
    Davis, Michael, 219
    Dead Sea, 281
    Decatur County, Indiana, 3, 5, 6, 13-14
    Deleveyne, Malcolm, 59, 62
    Delhi, India, 355
    Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party, 99, 102
    Democratic National Committee, 91, 92, 95, 97-98, 115, 117, 120, 121, 122, 124, 125, 128, 145, 165, 167, 266,

    Democratic National Convention, 1904, 18
    Democratic National Convention, 1944, 102
      Mississippi delegation, 105
      South Carolina delegation, 104
      Truman, Harry S.; Attempts to nominate him for Vice President, 105-107
      Vice President, contenders for the nomination at, 104, 105-107, 108-113
    Democratic National Convention, 1948, 302-304 Democratic Convention, 1952, 352-353
    Democratic Political Strategy Board, 268, 271
    Dennis, Helen E., 29
    Dennis, Jim, (James), 12
    Dental Institute, 202
    Depew, Chauncey, 55
    Des Moines, Iowa, 234
    Detroit, Michigan, 122, 124
    Dewey, Thomas E., 77, 273, 274, 326, 328, 347
    Dexter, Iowa, 268
    Dingell, John, 196
    Disalle, Mike, 23
    Dixiecrats, 327
    "Dr. Fishbein’s Diary", 221, 222
    Douglas, David, 5
    Douglas, William O., 103, 110, 317, 318-319
    Dubinsky, David, 212
    Duke UniversityHospital, 200
    Durham County, North Carolina, 367

    E
    Early, Stephen, 117, 118, 121-122
    Education, Office of , 245

      library of, attempts to move the, 233-234
    Edelman, John, 192
    Edwards, India, 334-335
    Elder, Bowman, 75
    Egypt, 281, 339
    Eightieth Congress, 269, 313, 326
    Eisenhower, Dwight D., 81, 358
      Truman, Harry S., relationship, 300-301
    Elliott, Martha, 244
    Elsey, George M., 163, 305
    Employment Security, Bureau of, 258
    Epstein, William, 290
    "Equal Chance for Health", 211
    Equitable Building (NYC), 64
    Ewing, Andrew Jackson, 373
    Ewing, George M, 1, 370
    Ewing, James, 10
    Ewing, Jane McClellan, 2, 3
    Ewing, Joshua, 1-2
    Ewing, Lydia Morgan, 3, 4, 5
    Ewing, Nathaniel, 2
    Ewing, Patrick, 2, 3, 5
    Ewing, Putnam, 2, 3
    Ewing, William, 1
    Ewing, Oscar, 182, 239, 240
      Aluminum Company of America, does the legal work for, 86-90, 91
      Army, joins, 29-30, 32-33
      background of, 1-7
      Bangkok Conference, stops the influence of John C. Caldwell at, 63-73
      Bryan, William Jennings, gives speech for, 17
      Caldwell, John C., stops his influence at the Bangkok Conference, 68-73
      Chandler, Douglas, prosecuted for treason, 148-162
      Democratic County Committee in Decatur County, elected secretary of, 18-19
      Democratic National Committee, as Vice Chairman of: Dennis, Helen E., marries, 29
        family background of, 1-7
      Federal Security Administrator, 23, 25, 27, 118, 145-146, 147-148, 167, 168, 172
      fluoridation of water, a discussion of the opposition