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David A. Morse Oral History Interviews

David A. Morse

Oral History Interviews with
David A. Morse

In the Truman Administration served as Director of Labor for the Military Government Group in Germany; general counsel to the National Labor Relations Board, 1945-46; Assistant Secretary of Labor, 1946-47; Under Secretary of Labor, 1947-48 (Acting Secretary June 9-August 2, 1948); and as U.S. Government member, International Labor Office, Geneva, Switzerland, 1946-48. From 1948 to 1970 was Director-General of the International Labor Organization.

Interview Transcripts
July 25 | July 30 | & August 3, 1977

[Notices and Restrictions | List of Subjects Discussed]


Notice
These are transcripts of tape-recorded interviews conducted for the Harry S. Truman Library. A draft of each transcript was edited by the interviewee but only minor emendations were made; therefore, the reader should remember that these are essentially transcripts of the spoken, rather than the written word.

Numbers appearing in square brackets (ex. [45]) within the transcript indicate the pagination in the original, hardcopy version of the oral history interview.

RESTRICTIONS
These oral history transcripts may be read, quoted from, cited, and reproduced for purposes of research. They may not be published in full except by permission of the Harry S. Truman Library.


List of Subjects Discussed

    Acheson, Dean, 126

    Ad Hoc Committee, chaired by Clark Clifford, 54-56, 59-61, 119-120
    Atomic Energy Commission, and labor policy, 74-78

    Berger, Sam, 28
    Bowers, Claude, 27-28
    Bricker Amendment, and ILO, 163

    Cabinet meetings, procedures of, 43-45
    Campaign of 1948, strategy for, 66
    Carey, James, 31
    Carlton Hotel, 56, 120
    Carson, John, 90-91
    Cass, Millard, 24-25, 140-141
    Clifford, Clark:

    Conciliation Service, 49-50
    Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), and World Federation of Trade Unions, 106

    Davidson, C. Girard, 58

    Ewing, Oscar, 52

      and Ad Hoc Committee, 57-58

    Fact finding boards, 82-83
    Fenton, Frank, 123
    Flynn, Ed, 56
    Foreign Service Board, and Labor Department, 29
    Forrestal, James, and Israel, recognition of, 70

      and labor movement, 40-41
    Foster, William (under Secretary of Commerce), 38-39, 51
      and Taft Hartley Act, 68

    Gambs, John, 25-26
    Germany:

      Control Council in, 7
      and labor reform in 1945-1946, 86-88
      occupation of, 6
    Gibson, John, 19
    Green, William (AF of L), 18, 31

    Hague, Frank, 125
    Hannah, Philip, 19, 114-115
    Harriman, W. Averell, and Marshall plan, 108-111
    Herzog, Paul, 8, 12, 13, 47, 68-69, 99, 100
    Hoffman, Paul, 29-30, 107
    Horowitz, Dan, 26, 27
    Human rights, and U.S. non-ratification of ILO conventions, 162-163

    International Federation for Free Trade Unions, and ILO, 169
    International Labor Organization (ILO):

    Italy, and labor reform in 1944-1945, 85-86

    Johnson, Keen, 19, 23
    Jouhoux, Leon, 108, 109-110, 134

    Kaiser, Henry (A F of L attorney), 93, 94-95
    Kaiser, Philip, 32, 92, 93-97
    Keyserling, Leon, and Ad-Hoc Committee chaired by Clark Clifford, 58, 62, 63, 73-74
    Kingsley, Don, 58
    Kmetz, John, 113

    Labor attaché program, origin of, 26-29, 83-85
    Labor commissioners, state, meetings of, 33-34
    Labor Department:

      and Marshall Plan, 30
      organizational changes in, 50, 90-94
      as representative of labor movement, 98-99
      and "secret Six", 90
    Labor Management conference in 1945, 79-80
    Labor management relations, 45-47
    Labor movement, and Truman Doctrine, 105
    Labor policy of U.S. Government, 59-61
    Labor, U.S. international policy on, origins of, 14-17
    Lehman, Herbert, 9
    Leiserson, William, 77-78
    Lewis, John L., and Carlton Hotel, 120
    Lie, Trygve, 168-169
    Lillienthal, David, 74-78
    Lubin, Isador, 16-17, 26-27, 170

    McCarthyism, 160
    McGrath, William L., 158-160
    McSherry, General Frank, 7, 10
    Margold, Nathan, 2
    Marshall Plan, and labor movement, 29-30, 37-38, 112
    Meany, George, and ILO, 154-157
    Morse, David:

    Murray, Philip, 31

    National Association of Manufactures, and International Labor Organization, 158-160
    National Labor Relations Board, 3-4, 10-14, 99-101
    Nehru, Jawaharlal, and International Labor Organization, 169

    Office of International Labor Affairs, fate of, 117-119

    Petroleum Labor Policy Board, 2-3
    Point 4 Program, and ILO, 142-143

    Ramadier, Paul, and Marshall plan, 108-111
    Rowe, James, 66
    Rusk, Dean, 126

    Sauer, Walter, 4
    Schwellenbach, Lewis, 18, 20-23, 42, 96, 137
    "Secret Six", and Labor Department reorganization, 90-91
    Shanley, Bernard, 123-124
    Sicily, in World War II, 5
    Smith, Oscar, 76
    Snyder, John, 62
    Soviet Union, and ILO, 164-168
    Stanton, Frank, 56
    Steelman, John, 45-48, 88-90, 97

    Taft Hartley Act, veto of, 67-70
    Thorp, Willard, 142-143
    Tobin, Daniel J., 115-116
    Tracy, Daniel W., 14-16
    Trade Union Advisory Committee on International Affairs, 30-33, 36
    Truman Doctrine, and Labor movement, 34-36, 101-104, 107
    Truman Harry S.:

    Warren, Edgar, 116
    Werts, Leo, 7, 171
    Winant, John, 135, 153-154
    Winslow, Thacher, 32, 92-93, 139
    Witt, Nat, 100
    Wohl, Matthew, 31
    World Federation of Trade Unions, 35

    Zellerbach, J. David, 122

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