Numbers appearing in square brackets (ex. ) within the transcript indicate the pagination in the original, hardcopy version of the oral history interview.
Mr. Wright has asked that this letter be included as a
preamble to his interview.
445 Bloomington Ave.
Wooster, Ohio 44691
April 3, 1977
Mr. James R. Fuchs
Harry S. Truman Library
Independence, MO 64050
Dear Mr. Fuchs:
Your letter of March 23, 1977 and the draft transcription of the interview
that I gave to Professor McKinzie arrived last week.
I have gone over the latter and made a few corrections of a minor nature
and am returning it under separate cover.
I took the liberty of adding a number of footnotes. The material I
gave Professor McKinzie was of a very controversial nature--one almost
taboo in U.S. circles, inasmuch as I accused the Zionists of using political
pressures and even deceit in order to get the U.S. involved in a policy
of supporting a Zionist theocratic, ethnically
exclusive and ambitious Jewish State.
I, and my associates in the State Department, felt this was contrary
to U.S. interests and we were overruled
by President Truman. At the
time I gave the interview, I had to relate many personal incidents for
which, at the time, there was no evidence. In the past 30 months, a
great deal of relevant material has been published which corroborates
my story. Especially useful has been the publication of Foreign Relations
of the United States 1948 Vol. V on the Near East, Part 2 by the
Department of State which gives the original documents from which I
quoted from memory. So I have added footnotes where verification is
In addition, Zionists and Christian Fundamentalists have frequently
used the Hebrew Bible as an authority for justifying a Jewish
State. As late as summer 1976, Candidate Jimmie Carter stated,
"I am pro-Israeli, not because of political expediency, but because
I believe Israel is the fulfilment of Biblical prophecy."
So the Bible--and belief that it is God's Holy Word and infallible,
became a useful tool in Zionist propaganda. I take the point of view
that the Bible
is a mixture of Hebrew legends and myths and cannot
be used as an element in U.S. foreign policy. Two recent books by well-known
and competent scholars support my view. They are,
John Van Seter, Abraham in Legend and History. Yale 1975..
Frank M. Cross, Caananite Myth and Hebrew Epic. Harvard
The Zionists were very successful in using religion for political purposes.
This is prohibited by the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution which
states the Government should recognize no "religous establishment."
In the case of Zionism and Israel, the U.S. has recognized and supported
a religious establishment--viz: the State of Israel which in turn discriminates
against all non-Jewish religions. Two texts are available
Sabri Jiryis, The Arabs in Israel. Beirut 1968.
Israel Shahak, The Non-Jew in the Jewish State. Jerusalem
Dr. Shahak, Professor of chemistry in Hebrew University introduces
his topic, "This collection of documents is
intended to show that it
(Israel) is, at least in one of its most important characteristics,
a State about which the greatest amount of misinformation, double talk
and straight lies, is being published abroad" (Preface, first paragraph).
U.S. citizens, quite ignorant of Biblical critical studies and equally
ignorant of Zionist dogmas and claims, were easy victims to clever Zionist
manipulation of their gullibility. When I mailed to Professor McKinzie
a typewritten statement to explain some of the documents I gave him,
a group of my friends urged me to expand the material and publish it
as an independent document. So I completely rewrote the material and
published it as The Great Zionist Cover-Up. It is a much fuller
statement of how the Zionists operate. I enclose a copy with the transcript.
It also includes many references to books where a fuller treatment of
the material may be obtained.
Finally, my opposition to Zionism was on purely pragmatic grounds.
I was convinced the Arabs would fight a Zionist Exclusive Expansionist
they saw it in operation during the period
of the British mandate. So did I. I felt it was
folly for the United States to support a State composed of such neurotic
groups as I witnessed in Palestine (1942-46). The Orthodox Rabbis wanted
to turn the clock back to 1200 B.C. Theocracy--and were really fanatic.
They have produced such irrational and Expansionist groups as the Gush
Emunim group, who openly defy the Israeli government and cannot be disciplined
because they are so "Holy." A description of this "Much Holier
than Thou" movement is found in The New Outlook (Tel Aviv) monthly
for November 1976, "Chauvinistic Politics and Political Religion: Danger
in Hebron." It was the Zealots who in the time of Christ as provoked
the Roman authorities that they brought on Roman retaliation and the
destruction of the Jewish State in 70 A.D. The Gush Emunim have learned
nothing from history and will repeat history. The Israeli government
is impotent in the face of the defiance of this Zealot group. Other
Israelis are equally blind to realities and so dogmatic and fragmented
that no party
can ever get a majority. The in-fighting between these
parties is causing rapid decay in Israeli domestic political life. The
only force which unites them is fear of the Arabs. Remove that, and
Israeli political unity will disintegrate. George Ball in Foreign
Affairs, April 1977 has the opening article, "How to Save Israel
from Herself." He calls the Israeli government "impotent" and "immobile"
(pp. 456-57) and on p. 467 refers to Israel's "paranoia." Because the
USA is waking up (for the wrong reason--need of Arab oil) to the potential
disasters facing us in the Arab-Israeli conflict, the USA is preparing
to undo--what it did in 1947-48. Norman Pod Loretz, the Zionist
Editor of Commentary has a recent article, "The Abandonment of
Israel." He now accuses the USA of perfidy because he sees US support
for Israel ebbing. "America's policy toward Israel suggests the Vietnamization
of Israel--it is felt that America, in order to avoid confrontation
with the Soviet Union and to protect its oil supplies, will gradually withdraw
from a total support of Israel and if necessary, negotiate
over the survival of Israel."
Zionists, since Truman's decision in 1947-48, have lived in a Fool's
Paradise. They assumed their control of the US government, press and
public was permanent and based an "moral" values--therefore,
the US at all times would give Israel total support. Zionists
seem to live in a dream world of their own creation and think the rest
of the world should accept their dream. They seem quite incapable of
facing reality. George Ball is making an effort to break through to
some of the realities involved in our foolish adventure into theocratic
politics. It will generate a bitter and possibly violent emotional reaction
on the part of US Zionists who will accuse the USA generally of "anti-Semitism."
(p. 454) I have been accused of this since 1944--now it is probable
that President Jimmie Carter will share the title. Returning Israel
to its pre-1967 boundaries, as he has stated, is--to the Zionist--a
death sentence. Their 30 year
dream of "Eretz Gadohl 1' Am Gadhol"--(a
great land for a great people) will be shattered. I doubt if Israel
can long survive such a blow. Jews will no longer emigrate to such a
small non-viable state. Israelis will leave in increasing numbers.
In 1947-48 when President Truman declared for a Jewish State, there
was an outburst of Jewish Messianic hysteria (Bernard Pashol and Henry
Levy, The Hills Shout for Joy: The day Israel was born (New York
1973). As Cyrus was declared "The Messiah of the Lord" in Isaiah 44
:28, so Truman was a "Messiah" to serve Eternal Divine Israel in 1948.
Jews of a Zionist persuasion cannot separate the Transcendental from
the Mundane. In antiquity, within a half a century, the Jews
turned against Persia and in the Book of Esther (Hadarsal) King Artaxerxes
is painted as a drunken and lecherous fool. He ruled from 485 B.C.-465
B.C. I fear President Carter may prove to be the Zionist model for the
Treacherous Fool who "abandoned" Israel. Zionists seem to deal in superlatives--no
values. They cannot see that President Truman was a US politician,
needing Jewish votes and money to win an election. To the Zionists Truman
was a Messianic Savior chosen by Destiny. Nor can they see President
Carter is beset by global problems and it is necessary to curb Israel's
excesses and mistreatment of the Palestinians lest it bring on a global
disorder. George Ball's article is the rarest and best statement made
in 29 years. I'm not sure the Esther model is the one to hope for. Esther
got her Gentile King drunk, then wheedled his signet ring and sent out
an order to the Jews--so they slew 75,000 innocent Persians (Esther
9:16). The Book of Esther is not history. It is parody. The Ahasuerus
of Esther is probably the Seleucid King Antiochus IV Epiphanes (165
B.C.) and Mordechai is probably a symbol for Judas Maccabeus. Esther
represents the beautiful dream of a Messianic Jewish State. There is
a lesson nevertheless in this immoral and violent story. A political
marriage of any political power with Messianic
Zionism is certain to produce disaster.
I would appreciate it, if you make this letter a part of my "Oral"
transcript by attaching it as a "Preamble." The Ecstasy of Zionism by
capturing President Truman in 1947-48 is turning into the Agony of President
Carter in 1977. George Ball has started the Ball rolling; how
far dare we let it (Israel's paranoia) determine American policy? (p.
467) Time is vindicating the point of view of those State Department
specialists whom Truman said he could not trust because they were "anti-Semitic."
His barb hurt and has left scars.
Thank you for your patience and trouble.
Edwin M. Wright
MCKINZIE: Mr. Wright, perhaps you could start by telling how you got
into Government work and your personal background before you went into