Rockwell, Alvin J. Papers

Dates: 1622-1977; Bulk dates 1935-1956

Official with the National Labor Relations Board, 1937-40, 1943-45; Official in the Tax Division and Office of the Solicitor General, Department of Justice, 1940-1943; Associate Director of the Legal Division of the Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.), 1945-1948.

The papers of Alvin J. Rockwell document primarily his work from 1937 to 1948 as a lawyer with the National Labor Relations Board, the Department of Justice, and the Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.). Topics covered include revenue and taxation issues with which Rockwell was involved at the Department of Justice, the management-labor relations issues with which he was involved at the National Labor Relations Board, the American occupation government for Germany, and the war crimes trials held in Germany following World War II. A significant amount of the material in this collection is either printed or mimeographed.

[Administrative Information | Biographical Sketch | Collection Description | Series Descriptions | Folder Title List]

ADMINISTRATIVE INFORMATION

Size: 22 linear feet, 9 linear inches(ca. 45,000 pages)
Access: Open, with the exception that some documents have been temporarily restricted in accordance with the requirements of the Executive order governing the administration of classified information.
Copyright: Alvin J. Rockwell donated his copyright interest in any of his writings in this collection to the Government of the United States. Documents prepared by U.S. Government employees in the course of their official duties are also in the public domain. Copyright interest in documents which do not fall in these two categories is presumed to remain with the writers of the documents.
Processed by: David W. Jackson, Dennis Bilger, Raymond Geselbracht, Randy Sowell, Samuel Rushay, Sharie Simon, and Anita Smith (1993); Jan Davis and David Clark (2016).


[ Top of the page | Administrative Information | Biographical Sketch | Collection Description | Series Descriptions | Folder Title List ]

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

1908, December 29

 

Born, Kalamazoo, Michigan

1933

 

Graduated from Harvard Law School and admitted to the Massachusetts Bar

1933-37

 

Practiced law with Hutchins and Wheeler, Boston, Massachusetts

1937-38

 

Official with the Trial Examining Division of the National Labor Relations Board

1938-40

 

Official with the Legal Division of the National Labor Relations Board

1940-43

 

Official with the Tax Division of the Department of Justice

1943

 

Official in the Office of the Solicitor General, Department of Justice

1943-45

 

General Counsel of the Legal Division, National Labor Relations Board

1945-48

 

Associate Director of the Legal Division, Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)

1948-79

 

Practiced law with Brobeck, Phleger and Harrison, San Francisco, California

[ Top of the page | Administrative Information | Biographical Sketch | Collection Description | Series Descriptions | Folder Title List ]

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

The papers of Alvin J. Rockwell document primarily his work from 1937 to 1948 as a lawyer and legal advisor for the National Labor Relations Board, the Department of Justice, and the Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.). Topics covered include revenue and taxation issues with which Rockwell was involved at the Department of Justice, the management-labor relations issues with which he was involved at the National Labor Relations Board, the American occupation government for Germany, and the war crimes trials held in Germany following World War II. A significant amount of the material in the collection is either printed or mimeographed.

The collection is divided into four series: a Department of Justice File, a National Labor Relations Board File, an Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.) File, and a Miscellaneous File.

The Department of Justice File is divided into three subseries: a Case File, a Subject File, and a Printed Materials File. The Case File contains legal documents, correspondence and handwritten notes for approximately seventy cases with which Rockwell was involved during his service with the Tax Division of the Department of Justice. Also included in this file is one folder of material documenting Rockwell's work reviewing alien internment cases with the Justice Department's Alien Enemy Control Unit during World War II. The Subject File deals primarily with laws, rules, and regulations concerning government tax policy. The subseries consists of documents generated by officials of the Tax Division in preparation for trials, along with one folder of material relating to the U.S. Civil Service Commission's Board of Legal Examiners, and another folder documenting Rockwell's work with the Justice Department's committee on draft deferments for departmental employees. The Printed Materials File consists of briefs and petitions for eighty court cases tried between 1935 and 1944. This material presumably constituted a research file for Rockwell.

The National Labor Relations Board File is also divided into three subseries: a Case File, a Subject File, and a Printed Material File. These subseries are comparable to the subseries within the Department of Justice File although they relate to unions and labor-management relations.

The Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.) File documents Rockwell's work as associate director of the legal division of OMGUS. It is divided into four subseries as follows: a Subject File, a War Crimes Tribunal File, a Clippings File, and a Printed Materials File. The Subject File documents such topics as bizonal organization, court-martial issues, the Allied Control Authority's Control Council, denazification, prisons, property disposition, reparations, and the United Nations War Crimes Commission. The subseries contains a large amount of printed and mimeographed copies of reports and opinions issued by the Legal Division. The War Crimes Tribunal File contains primarily mimeographed copies of legal documents from the trials of the twenty-one major war criminals tried by the Allied Control Council for Germany, and of the twelve defendants tried by the United States Military Tribunals. Of particular interest is the material relating to the German conglomerates Flick (Case 5), I.G. Farben (Case 6), and Krupp (Case 10). The Clippings File brings together loose newspaper clippings that were scattered through Rockwell's OMGUS files. Topics covered include World War II, the occupation of Berlin, democracy in Germany, denazification, the Nuremberg war crimes trials, defense and security issues, and the Cold War. The Printed Materials File contains books, pamphlets, periodicals and reports related to the occupation of Germany. The file contains materials primarily from the period 1945-48.

The Miscellaneous File concerns primarily Rockwell's private practice with Brobeck, Phleger and Harrison in San Francisco, California. Included in this series are agendas, correspondence, legal documents, memoranda, notes, reports, and clippings about labor relations, and a vellum document from 1622 signed by Jean Francois du Tulot. The subseries also contains several oversize items such as issues of Life, Photo-History, N.Y.Times, Time & Tide, Soddeutsche Juristen-Zeitung, and the U.S. Army Press Digest, and three large certificates that were presented to Rockwell.

Material relating at least generally to Rockwell's U.S. Government career is in several of the Library's collections. Material relating to the Department of Justice are in the papers of Tom C. Clark and J. Howard McGrath. The papers of Paul M. Herzog contain material relating to the National Labor Relations Board. Documents concerning the military government for Germany and the war crimes trials are in the papers of Eleanor Bontecou, Charles P. Kindleberger, Katherine Fite Lincoln, J. Anthony Panuch, Samuel I. Rosenman, and Harry S. Truman (OF 198-B, 325-A, 325-B and the Confidential File). The following oral history interviews include information about the National Labor Relations Board: Eleanor Bontecou (OH 300, p. 6), Millard Cass (OH 375, pp. 1-2, 4-5, 35), Willard Edwards (OH446, p. 47), Milton P. Kayle (OH 369, p. 28), Leon Keyserling (OH 135, pp. 12-13), James I. Loeb (OH 74, p. 106), David Morse (OH 307, pp. 3-4, 10-14, 99-101), John R. Steelman (OH 7, pp. 53-54), and William Tyson (OH 273, pp. 36-37). The following interviews include information about the war crimes trials: Eleanor Bontecou (OH 300, pp. 43-44), Warner W. Gardner (OH 111, pp. 4-6), Richmond B. Keech (OH 35, pp. 17, 26-27), Conrad E. Snow (OH 178, p. 12), and Robert K. Walsh (OH 78, p. 136).

[ Top of the page | Administrative Information | Biographical Sketch | Collection Description | Series Descriptions | Folder Title List ]

SERIES DESCRIPTIONS

Container Nos.

 

Series

1-21

 

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FILE, 1935-44
consisting of three subseries relating to Rockwell's work in the Tax Division, as follows:

  • 1-18 CASE FILE, 1937-43: Correspondence, memoranda, notes, legal documents, briefs, opinions, transcripts, exhibits, and other material relating to approximately seventy cases tried before the U.S. Supreme Court, various federal and state courts, and the U.S. Board of Tax Appeals. Includes one folder of material on alien internment cases reviewed by the Justice Department's Alien Enemy Control Unit during World War II. Arranged alphabetically by case name.
  • 18-20 SUBJECT FILE, 1940-43: Correspondence, memoranda, official reports, notes and other material relating to Rockwell's work in the Justice Department. Includes information on tax laws, rules and regulations, draft deferments for Justice Department employees, and the proceedings of the Civil Service Commission's Board of Legal Examiners. Arranged alphabetically by subject.
  • 20-21 PRINTED MATERIALS FILE, 1935-44: Briefs, petitions, and other legal documents relating to approximately eighty cases tried before the U.S. Supreme Court and various federal and state courts. Arranged alphabetically by case name.

22-29

 

NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD FILE, 1935-48
consisting of three subseries as follows:

  • 22-24 CASE FILE, 1944-45: Correspondence, notes, legal documents, newspaper clippings, and other material relating to cases brought before the National Labor Relations Board or tried before the U.S. Supreme Court and lower federal courts. Arranged alphabetically by case name.
  • 24-26 SUBJECT FILE, 1935-48: Notes, memoranda, press releases, legal documents, and background material relating to labor and management relations. Arranged alphabetically by subject.
  • 27-29 PRINTED MATERIALS FILE, 1936-47: Legal documents and reports relating to court cases, the National Labor Relations Board, and the National Labor Relations Act of 1935. Arranged alphabetically by case name.

30-50

 

OFFICE OF MILITARY GOVERNMENT FOR GERMANY (U.S.) FILE,1924(1945)-(1950)1961
consisting of four subseries relating to Rockwell's work as Associate Director of the Legal Division of OMGUS:

  • 30-38 SUBJECT FILE, 1944-(1948)1952: Reports, charts, correspondence, drafts, foreign policy bulletins, maps, memoranda, and press releases dealing with bizonal organization, court-martial issues, the Allied Authority's Control Council, denazification, German law, property disposition, reparations, and the United Nations War Crimes Commission. Much of the material in this series is mimeographed or printed. Arranged alphabetically by subject.
  • 39-44 WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL FILE, 1945-50: Copies of pleas and applications for annulment or mitigation for 21 war criminals sentenced by the Allied Control Council for Germany; also official transcripts of court proceedings, case summaries, histories, and judgments for the twelve cases of the United States Military Tribunals. Arranged alphabetically by case name for the International Tribunals and by case number for the twelve U.S. Military Tribunals.
  • 45-46 CLIPPINGS FILE, 1939-50: Newspaper clippings arranged alphabetically by topic and including information on democracy in Germany, defense and security issues, denazification, the Malmedy massacre, the Nuremberg trials, Berlin and the Cold War, and World War II.
  • 47-50 PRINTED MATERIALS FILE, 1924-61. Arranged chronologically.

51-52

 

MISCELLANEOUS FILE, 1622-1977; bulk dates 1948-56
Agendas, correspondence, legal documents, memoranda, notes, reports, and newspaper clippings about the Commonwealth Club of California, a speech about international peace by Sir Percy Spender, a visit to Offutt Air Force Base, and Rockwell's work with the firm of Brobeck, Phleger, and Harrison. Also a