Frank N. Roberts Papers

Dates: 1865-1976

Military Attache, U.S. Embassy, Moscow, 1945-1946; Military Attache, U.S. Embassy, Ankara, Turkey 1946-1948; Military Advisor to W. Averell Harriman, Special Assistant to the President and Director for Mutual Security, and his Representative on the Senior Staff (Planning Board) of the National Security Council, 1950-1953

The papers of Frank N. Roberts consist of correspondence, photographs, printed materials, speeches, and other items mostly relating to his military career.

[Administrative Information | Biographical Sketch | Collection Description | Series Descriptions | Folder Title List]

ADMINISTRATIVE INFORMATION

Size: 2 linear feet, 2 linear inches (about 4,000 pages).
Access: Open.
Copyright: The donor gave to the United States of America all copyrights in the unpublished writings of Frank N. Roberts in this collection. Documents created by United States Government employees in the course of their official duties are in the public domain. Copyright interest in other documents presumably belongs to the creators of those documents, or their heirs.
Processed by: Jan Orton, Dennis Bilger (1985); Randy Sowell, Dennis Bilger (2002).
Updated by: Anna Towns (2012) as part of the Truman Library Internship Program.
Supervising Archivists: Randy Sowell and David Clark.


[ Top of the page | Administrative Information | Biographical Sketch | Collection Description | Series Descriptions | Folder Title List ]

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

1897 (December 28)

 

Born Frank Needham Roberts, Oskaloosa, Kansas

1915-1917

 

Attended Baker University

1920

 

Bachelor of Science degree, U.S. Military Academy

1920 (October 7)

 

Married Clara Reeder McCoy

1924-1927

 

Served in the Philippines

1927-1931

 

Instructor at the U.S. Military Academy

1934-1938

 

Language Officer and Assistant Military Attaché in China

1937 (December)

 

Survived the sinking of the USS Panay

1941-1942

 

Military Intelligence Division, War Department General Staff

1942

 

Assistant Chief of Staff, U.S. Army Forces, China-Burma-India

1944-1945

 

Chief of Staff, U.S. Military Mission to Moscow

1945-1946

 

Military Attache, U.S. Embassy, Moscow

1946-1948

 

Military Attache, U.S. Embassy, Ankara, Turkey

1948-1950

 

Professor of Military Science and Tactics, University of California at Los Angeles

1949 (August 2)

 

Married Esther E. Hopper

1950-1953

 

Member, National Security Council Senior Staff (Planning Board)

1950-1953

 

Military Advisor to W. Averell Harriman, Special Assistant to the President and Director for Mutual Security

1954-1956

 

Chief of Staff, Allied Forces, Southern Europe, Naples, Italy

1957

 

Retired from the U.S. Army as Major General

1958-1960

 

Member, Board of National Estimates, CIA

1975 (December 23)

 

Died, Pomona, California

     
[ Top of the page | Administrative Information | Biographical Sketch | Collection Description | Series Descriptions | Folder Title List ]

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

The Frank N. Roberts Papers include correspondence, printed materials, photographs, speeches, and other items mostly relating to his military career. The collection is arranged alphabetically in a single series.

Most of the collection is made up of correspondence, including military orders and memorandums, and letters documenting Roberts's heroism in connection with the sinking of the USS Panay by the Japanese in 1937. Other correspondence concerns his service in the China-Burma-India Theater, and at the U.S. Embassies in Moscow and Ankara, Turkey, during and after World War II. His later career is represented by correspondence from his service as an advisor to Averell Harriman on the National Security Council, and as a senior officer in Italy and California during the mid-to-late 1950s. Also included in this collection is personal correspondence between Roberts and his friends and family. There are also letters from prominent acquaintances such as Clare Boothe Luce, and a Christmas greeting from Harry and Bess Truman.

Roberts received many awards and commendations throughout his military career. These awards included the Navy Cross and the Distinguished Service Medal with two Oak Leaf Clusters. Papers and certificates pertaining to some of these awards can be found in the collection

Among Roberts's personal items, a diary, travel logs, and appointment books are included. There are also copies of many speeches (mostly related to NATO), drafts of his memoirs, photographs of friends and colleagues, magazine articles about his time in Burma, and newspaper articles about the Panay incident and his retirement. There is also an 1865 newspaper documenting the assassination of President Lincoln.

More information about the National Security Council can be found in the National Security Council Files, which are part of the Harry S. Truman Papers.

[ Top of the page | Administrative Information | Biographical Sketch | Collection Description | Series Descriptions | Folder Title List ]

SERIES DESCRIPTIONS

Container Nos.

 

Series

1-5

  SUBJECT FILE, 1865-1976
Correspondence, photographs, certificates, speeches, printed materials, and other items. Arranged alphabetically.
[ Top of the page | Administrative Information | Biographical Sketch | Collection Description | Series Descriptions | Folder Title List ]

FOLDER TITLE LIST

SUBJECT FILE, 1865-1976

Box 1

  • Appointment Books
  • Burma Campaign, 1942
  • Correspondence, 1927
  • Correspondence, 1934
  • Correspondence, 1935
  • Correspondence, 1936
  • Correspondence, 1937
  • Correspondence, 1938
  • Correspondence, 1939
  • Correspondence, 1940
  • Correspondence, 1941
  • Correspondence, 1942
  • Correspondence, 1943
  • Correspondence, 1945
  • Correspondence, 1946
  • Correspondence, 1948
  • Correspondence, 1949
  • Correspondence, 1950
  • Correspondence List, 1950-1954
  • Correspondence, 1951
  • Correspondence, 1952
  • Correspondence, 1953
  • Correspondence, 1954

Box 2

  • Correspondence, 1955 [1 of 2]
  • Correspondence, 1955 [2 of 2]
  • Correspondence Regarding Promotion to Major General, 1955
  • Correspondence, 1956
  • Correspondence, 1957
  • Correspondence, 1958
  • Correspondence, 1959
  • Correspondence, 1961
  • Correspondence, 1963
  • Correspondence, 1967
  • Correspondence, 1971
  • Correspondence, 1974
  • Correspondence, Undated

Box 3

  • Diary, 1956-1957
  • Kai-shek, Chiang
  • Luce, Claire Boothe
  • Memoirs
  • Memoirs-Drafts
  • NATO Speech Series [1 of 2]

Box 4

  • NATO Speech Series [2 of 2]
  • Newspapers
  • Personal
  • Photographs
  • Printed Materials
  • Retirement
  • Soviet Union

Box 5

  • Speeches
  • Travel Log
  • Truman, Harry S.
  • U.S. Army
  • USS Panay Incident
  • World War II
  • Yalta Conference
[ Top of the page | Administrative Information | Biographical Sketch | Collection Description | Series Descriptions | Folder Title List ]