Price, Harry B. Papers

Dates: 1952-1970; Bulk Date Span: 1952-1953

Author

The papers of Harry B. Price consist of interview notes Price used in connection with the preparation of his book, The Marshall Plan and Its Meaning (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1955), published under the auspices of the Governmental Affairs Institute, Washington D.C.

[Administrative Information | Biographical Sketch | Collection Description | Series Descriptions | Folder Title List]

ADMINISTRATIVE INFORMATION

Size: Less than one-half of one linear foot (approximately 650 pages).
Access: Open.
Copyright: The Truman Library received no donation of copyright from the donor of this collection.
Processed by: Laura N. Heller (1970).
Updated by: Mary A. McMurray (2006) as part of the Truman Library Internship Program.
Supervising Archivists: Randy Sowell and David Clark.


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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

1905

 

Born, Chekiang Province, China

1932

 

M.A., Yale University; Professor, Yenching University in Beijing

1937

 

Executive Director, Committee for Non-Participation in Japanese Aggression

1944

 

Deputy Director, United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), Shanghai, China

1955

  The Marshall Plan and Its Meaning published

1957-1961

 

United Nations Representative to Nepal

1967

  A Manual for Field Workers by Harry B. Price, Dr. James Y.C. Yen, and Greg Feliciano published

1970

 

Professor, Maryville College, Tennessee; Chairman of the Department of Economics and Business

2000 (November)

 

Moved to Santa Fe, New Mexico

2002 (April 4)

 

Died, Santa Fe, New Mexico

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COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

The papers of Harry B. Price consist of notes from oral history interviews conducted by Price as research for his book, The Marshall Plan and Its Meaning (1955). The interview notes are arranged chronologically. For each interview, Price usually indicated with whom, when, and where the interview was conducted, and (when relevant) who was present at the interview. Also, Price typically included a brief synopsis of what each interview primarily covered.

Price interviewed a large number of people significant in the Marshall Plan and its implementation in Europe. Price’s notes primarily focus on the Marshall Plan and European recovery: the purposes, preparations, and means of United States intervention and aid; shifts in national economic policies, programs, and institutions during that period; and individual experiences and roles in the development and implementation of the Marshall Plan.

Interviewees include, but are not limited to: Karl Albrecht, Chief, Economic Division, Marshall Plan Ministry, West Germany; George Allen, U. S. Ambassador to Yugoslavia; Eric Berthoud, British Ambassador to Denmark; Heyder Bey, Director, Turkish Recovery Program; Franz Bluecher, Vice-Chancellor, West Germany; Walton Butterworth, U.S. Ambassador to Sweden; Gen. Lucius D. Clay, Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Forces in Europe, 1947-1949; William C. Foster, Under Secretary of Commerce; Hugh Gaitskell, Chancellor of the Exchequer, U.K.; Dag Hammarskjöld, Minister of State, Sweden; George F. Kennan, Director, Policy Planning Staff, State Department; George McGhee, U.S. Ambassador to Turkey; Gen. George C. Marshall, Secretary of State; Harold Stein, Head, Washington Office, Committee for the Marshall Plan; and Francis Wilcox, Chief of Staff, Senate Foreign Relations Committee. The interviews were conducted from August 1952 to June 1953.

Also included in the collection is a copy of Harry B. Price’s November 26, 1952 letter to Dr. Edward Litchfield, President of the Governmental Affairs Institute. The letter details Price’s observations from his interviews regarding the Marshall Plan and its implementation. Included with the letter are some of Price’s initial interview notes from the Economic Cooperation Administration History Project. Filed at the beginning of the collection is an alphabetical list of the interviewees and another list of interviewees arranged by nationality.

Selected documents, photographs, and oral histories from the Truman Library relating to the Marshall Plan are available on the Library’s website.

The Truman Library has the papers of a number of persons who were interviewed for Price’s book, including George V. Allen, Joseph D. Coppock, Thomas K. Finletter, Paul G. Hoffman, Edgar A. J. Johnson, George McGhee, Paul R. Porter, Edward A. Tenenbaum, and Francis O. Wilcox.

The Truman Library also has its own oral history interviews with a number of Price’s interviewees including Leland Barrows, Richard. M. Bissell, Jr., Walton Butterworth, Lucius D. Clay, Lincoln Gordon, Jean Charles Snoy, and Dirk U. Stikker.

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SERIES DESCRIPTIONS

Container Nos.

 

Series

1

  ORAL HISTORY INTERVIEW FILE, 1952-1970 (Bulk Date Span, 1952-1953)
Research notes used by Price in preparing The Marshall Plan and Its Meaning (1955), compiled from various oral history interviews conducted with individuals who made significant contributions to the Marshall Plan. The notes are arranged in chronological order, and are preceded by finding aids for the collection and a letter from Price to Edward H. Litchfield.
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FOLDER TITLE LIST

ORAL HISTORY INTERVIEW FILE, 1952-1970 (Bulk Date Span, 1952-1953)

Box 1

  • Finding Aids
  • Letter from Harry B. Price to Dr. Edward H. Litchfield, November 26, 1952
  • August – October, 1952
    • August 6: Sam Board
      August 7: Harold Stein
      August 8: Francis Wilcox and Thorsten Kalijarvi
      August 12: Boyd Crawford
      August 20: Glenn Craig
      August 20: Elmer N. Holmgreen
      August 20: David Gordon
      August 22: George Knustson
      August 24: Peter Odegard, Edward H. Litchfield and Harvey Mansfield
      August 24: Donald Stone
      September 16: Harlan Cleveland and Theodore Geiger
      September 16: Harlan Cleveland
      September 16: D.A. Fitzgerald
      September 18: John Kenny
      September 19: Richard M. Bissell, Jr.
      September 27: Harlan Cleveland
      October 1: Averell Harriman
      October 8: Lincoln Gordon
      October 10: Richard M. Bissel, Jr.
      October 10: Sam van Hyning
      October 15: Warren Baum and John Hulley
      October 25: Harlan Cleveland
      October 28: William Blaisdell
      October 28: Ernest Sturk and Charles A. Merwin
      October 29: Richard G. Birnberg
      October 29: Alden Boyd
      October 29: William Salant
      October 29: Donald Stone
      October 30: George C. Marshall
  • November 1 – November 10, 1952
    • November 1: Robert Blum
      November 1: Joseph Slater and Eric Oulashin
      November 1: Lane Timmons
      November 3: Oscar B. Bransky
      November 3: George Clemens and Addison Foster
      November 3: Ethel Dietrich
      November 3: Hubert Havlik
      November 3: Joseph F. Heath and James Toughill
      November 3: Lawrence H. Norton
      November 4: Paul Porter
      November 5: Robert Buron
      November 5: Thierry de Clermont-Tonnere
      November 5: George Elgozy
      November 5: M. Hirsch
      November 5: Donald J. McGrew
      November 5: Robert J. Meyers
      November 6: Raymond Aron
      November 6: Irving Swerdlow
      November 6: Lan