Myron C. Taylor Papers

Dates: 1932-1953

Personal Representative of the President to Pope Pius XII, 1939-1950; Personal Representative of the President on Special Missions, 1950-1952

The papers of Myron Taylor consist of materials relating to Taylor's position as Personal Representative of the President to Pope Pius XII from 1939-1950 and as Personal Representative of the President on Special Missions from 1950-1952. The collection deals mainly with post WWII religious situations in Europe. There are many letters between Taylor, President Truman, and Pope Pius XII discussing these situations. There is information concerning Jewish refugees from Europe after WWII. There is also documentation from Taylor's travels throughout Europe in which he investigated religious and political situations.

[Administrative Information | Biographical Sketch | Collection Description | Series Descriptions | Folder Title List]

ADMINISTRATIVE INFORMATION

Size: 1 linear foot.
Access: Open.
Copyright: The Truman Library has received no donation of copyright for this collection. Documents prepared by U.S. government employees as part of their official duties are in the public domain. Copyright interest in other documents is presumed to remain with the creators of the documents.
Processed by: Alisa Johnson (2000) as part of the Internship Program at the Truman Library
Supervising Archivists: Randy Sowell and Amy Williams

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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH
1874, January 18   Born, Lyons, New York
1894   L.L.B., Cornell University
1927-1934   Chairman of the Finance Committee, United States Steel Corporation
1932-1938   Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, United States Steel Corporation
1939-1950   Personal Representative of the President of the United States to Pope Pius XII
1950-1952   Personal Representative of the President of the United States on Special Missions
1959, May 6   Died, New York City
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COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

The papers of Myron Taylor consist mainly of documents related to Taylor's position as Personal Representative of the President to Pope Pius XII from 1939-1950 and as Personal Representative of the President on Special Missions from 1950-1952. The documents are dated from 1932-1953. The folders for the most part are arranged chronologically by year in a single Subject File.

The collection is made up mainly of bound volumes, presumably arranged by Taylor, containing his official correspondence. Also included are newspaper articles, memoranda of conversation, photographs, and other items documenting Taylor's diplomatic service during these years. Another volume contains copies of correspondence that Taylor had with President Truman and Pope Pius XII, reports from Taylor to Truman discussing meetings he held with the Pope, and direct correspondence between the President and the Pope from 1945 to 1950. There is also a copy of remarks made at a meeting in 1932 arranged by Taylor to promote the Share-The-Work Movement while he was an executive at U.S. Steel.

The papers include information about refugees, mostly Jewish, from Europe after WWII. There are memorandums about discussions Taylor had with the Pope and Protestant Clergymen about this issue and about the work of the International Refugee Organization. There are also reports on the numbers of Jewish immigrants and the absorptive capacity of Palestine.

Taylor spent much of his time going on diplomatic trips around Europe investigating the religious and political situations. There is documentation of these trips, including letters and memorandums between Taylor and officials of those countries.

There are documents from Taylor's position as Personal Representative of the President on Special Missions from 1950-1952. In this position, Taylor investigated several Jewish issues by traveling as a representative for the President. In this volume, there is information about prominent rabbis and the Jewish situations in other countries.

Other related materials at the Truman Library can be found in such collections as the Harry S. Truman Papers (Confidential File and President's Secretary's Files) and the J. Graham Parsons Papers. Another collection of Taylor Papers documenting his diplomatic career prior to the Truman Presidency is located at the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library.

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SERIES DESCRIPTIONS

Container No.   Series
1-3   SUBJECT FILE, 1932-1953
Correspondence between Taylor and Pope Pius XII dealing with the post WWII situation in Italy, notes taken by Taylor from his audiences with the pope, memorandum for the President regarding refugees, statements on the religious and political situations in European countries, a resignation letter from Taylor to Truman, and correspondence between Truman and Pope Pius XII. Arranged in chronological order, for the most part.
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FOLDER TITLE LIST

SUBJECT FILE, 1932-1953

Box 1

  • Report by Myron C. Taylor-1946
  • Report by Myron C. Taylor-1947
  • Report by Myron C. Taylor-1948

Box 2

  • Report by Myron C. Taylor-1949
  • Report by Myron C. Taylor-1950
  • Report by Myron C. Taylor-1951
  • Report by Myron C. Taylor-1952

Box 3

  • Documentation of the Mission of President Truman to Pope Pius XII by Myron C. Taylor, 1945-1950
  • Confidential Memorandum Regarding Refugees by Myron C. Taylor 1938-1947
  • Meetings of Protestant Clergymen with Myron C. Taylor, October 20, 1947 and May 3, 1949
  • Remarks at Luncheon Arranged by Mr. Taylor, December 2, 1932 to Further the Share-The-Work Movement
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