Roy V. Peel Papers

Dates: 1919-1974

Director, Bureau of the Census, 1950-1953

The papers of Roy V. Peel include books and other publications, a scrapbook, numerous newspaper clippings, correspondence, printed personal items from events and clubs, and approximately eighty photographs. These documents relate mostly to Peel’s service as Director of the Census Bureau from 1950-1953 under President Harry S. Truman, but also include some material from Peel’s teaching positions at various universities.

[Administrative Information | Biographical Sketch | Collection Description | Series Descriptions | Folder Title List]

ADMINISTRATIVE INFORMATION

Size: Less than one linear foot (about 1600 pages).
Access: Open.
Copyright: The donor gave to the U.S. government his copyrights in these papers and in any other papers deposited in the Harry S. Truman Library. Documents created by U.S. government officials in the course of their official duties are in the public domain. Copyright interest in other documents presumably belongs to the creators of those documents, or their heirs.
Processed by: Erwin J. Mueller (1974).
Updated by: Catherine A. Shelley (2006) as part of the Truman Library Internship Program.
Supervising Archivists: Randy Sowell and David Clark.


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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

1896 (July 26)

 

Born in Des Moines, Iowa

1918-1919

 

2nd Lt., U.S. Air Service, U.S. Army

1920

 

A.B., Augustana College

1923

 

A.M., University of Chicago

1927

 

Ph.D., University of Chicago

1927 (Aug. 18)

 

Married Esther Peterson

1927-1939

 

Assistant and Associate Professor at New York University

1928-1937

 

Worked for Presidential campaigns of Alfred E. Smith and Franklin D. Roosevelt, and for campaigns of Fiorello La Guardia for Mayor of New York City

1939-1953

 

Professor at Indiana University

1942-1945

 

Served with Office of Strategic Services

1950 (March 9)

 

Sworn in as Director of the Bureau of the Census

1953 (February 4)

 

Resigned as Director of Census Bureau

1953-1961

 

Chairman of the Department of Political Science, University of Utah

1961-1963

 

Professor and Chairman of Social Sciences Division, California Lutheran College

1963-1976

 

Professor, San Fernando Valley State College (now California State University, Northridge)

1978 (Aug. 31)

 

Died at age 82, Encino, California

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COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

The Papers of Roy V. Peel include books and other publications, a scrapbook, numerous newspaper clippings, correspondence, printed personal items from events and clubs, and approximately eighty photographs.

Peel was the Director of the United States Bureau of the Census under President Harry S. Truman from 1950-1953. He was probably appointed not merely because of his academic achievements but because of his political connections. Peel worked on Presidential campaigns for Franklin D. Roosevelt and Alfred E. Smith and served as a political consultant for Presidents Roosevelt and Truman, several Governors of New York, and New York City Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia.

The Papers were collected by Peel throughout his career, but deal especially with his term as Census Bureau Director and the 1950 Census. The Papers include newspaper clippings concerning Peel and the Census, and Peel's correspondence with President Truman and others. The collection also includes books, articles, other publications, and reports written by Peel or relating to his work. The photographs in the collection mostly illustrate Peel's activities and travels as Director of the Census Bureau. The Papers also include invitations, membership cards, programs, and honorary certificates.

More information on Roy V. Peel and the Bureau of the Census can be found in the Papers of Harry S. Truman (Official File 3-B).

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SERIES DESCRIPTIONS

Container Nos.

 

Series

1-2

 

SUBJECT FILE, 1919-1974
Books and other publications, a scrapbook, numerous newspaper clippings, correspondence, printed personal items from events and clubs, and approximately eighty photographs. Arranged alphabetically.

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FOLDER TITLE LIST

Box 1

SUBJECT FILE, 1919-1974

  • Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, May 1968
  • Annual Reports of the Secretary of Commerce, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1950-1952
  • Articles by Roy V. Peel
  • Biographical Data: Roy V. Peel
  • Census Bulletin, 1952, 1962
  • Census- United States Population Center, 1950
  • Censuses of Population and Housing--Procedural History, U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census (1960)
  • Correspondence
  • Correspondence with Harry S. Truman
  • Defense Orientation Conference Association, Bulletin Number 5
  • Diplomas and Certificates of Award
  • Director - Bureau of the Census File, 1950-1953
  • Foreign Trips, 1951-1952

Box 2

  • "Forms and Problems of Local Government" - Institute of Government, University of Utah, 1956
  • Invitations
  • Jefferson-Jackson Dinner, February 16, 1950
  • Newspaper Clippings
  • Photographs
  • Population Commission of the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations - 7th Session
  • "Presidential Elections, 1948-1960" - Institute of Government, University of Utah, 1961
  • Scrapbook
  • The 1932 Campaign – An Analysis by Roy V. Peel and Thomas C. Donnelly
  • The 1950 Censuses - How They Were Taken, U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census
  • “The Story of the Quad Cities”
  • Trip to Germany, 1964
  • Truman Comments on U.S. Census Statistics, 1953
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