Breadcrumb

Motion Picture MP80-9

Decision: The Conflicts of Harry S. Truman - The Squeeze, Episode No. 10

Administrative Information

Original Format(s)
Motion Picture
Footage
907 feet
Running Time
26 minutes
Film Gauge
16mm
Sound
sound
Color
Black & White
Produced by
Columbia pictures - Ben Gradus in association with Screen Gems and David Noyes
Restrictions
Restricted
Description

Episode 10. The Squeeze. The subjects of this program are labor problems and strikes.

Date(s)
1964

SD-quality copies of already digitized motion pictures are available for $20, and HD-quality copies of already digitized motion pictures are $50. Copies of motion pictures not already digitized will incur additional costs.

This item does not circulate but reproductions may be purchased.

To request a copy of this item, please contact truman.reference@nara.gov​​​​​​​

Please note that this video belongs to a different video collection than the items available to be borrowed by teachers, from our Education Department.

Moving Image Type
Motion Picture

Shot List

  • Reel 1
0:00   Men running, 1947; Labor strikes; violence. Harry S. Truman speaks about trouble between labor and management; Taft-Hartley Act; refers to John L. Lewis.
1:16   John L, Lewis (head of United Mine Workers) comments on Truman as a disgrace to the office.
1:42   Truman speaks on not knowing whether to sign the Taft-Hartley Act.
2:40   World War II scenes.
3:05   Strikes, violent confrontation.
3:24   Truman speaks of pendulum swinging between rights of labor and management.
4:00   Scenes of child labor; bad working conditions. Violent strike scenes; murdered union leaders. Truman speaks of struggles of organized labor in the 1920's.
5:28   John L. Lewis; Alvanley Johnston (head of Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers); Alexander Whitney (Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen); all were originally Truman supporters, but became his enemies.
5:58   Charleston dancing; stock market crash; bread lines; march on Washington.
6:20   Franklin D. Roosevelt elected (inaugural scenes); shaking hands from car.
6:52   Men working on roads, etc.
7:10   Union meeting; Senator Robert Wagner speaks of National Labor Act of 1935.
7:43   John L. Lewis parade.
8:05   Senator Truman in Senate, helped labor win victories.
8:32   Truman speaks of 1941, when coal strike was eminent in midst of war; he asked union leaders to keep working. Labor and management did not cooperate.
9:16   gap in film
9:29   Chart of pendulum swinging between labor and management. Strikes, riot scenes.
10:05   Truman speaks; panic is worse thing that can happen. Production slowed. Men home from war - no jobs. Shows G.I.'s on boat, people applying for jobs. Seventy-ninth Congress was one of the worst he had to deal with.
11:12   Strikes marching, Truman says union were no more arrogant than management.
12:15   Excerpt from Truman's radio address on October 30, 1945 on wages.
12:46   John L. Lewis, others. Congress.
13:00   Truman speaks of setting up his own fact finding board. Board recommended a raise of 18-1/2 cents an hour and labor and management accepted this.
13:30   Alvanley Johnston, Alexander Whitney, John L. Lewis.
13:50   Mine explosions killed many miners; John L. Lewis asked for welfare fund for miners; threatened to strike.
14:43   Truman speaks: world needed coal. Truman asked Lewis not to strike as long as negotiations were proceeding.
15:00   1948: railroads were threatened by strike. Alexander Whitney and Alvanley Johnston.
15:23   Truman speaks; asked them not to tie up country with railroad strike at this time.
15:38   Miners go on strike, April 1, 1946. May 24, 1946, railroads went on strike. Nation faces paralysis. Trains standing idle.
16:33   Truman speaks. He had to stop this and risk antagonizing labor before next election.
17:00   gap in film.
17:18   Truman speaks. Always fought for right of working man, but no one can place his rights above welfare of country.
17:31   Strikers.
17:49   Truman speaks of anger of people of U.S. and of Congress. He had to get strikers back to work by any means he could.
18:26   Ordered miners to go back to work. They defied order.
18:50   May 25, 1946, Truman speaks to Congress about forcing railroads back to work by military force. Received word during speech that railroad strike was settled.
19:45   Alexander Whitney speaks; says strike was called off because of pressure from the President.
20:12   John L. Lewis called miners on strike again. He was arrested and fined. Lewis speaks, called Truman a liar.
22:15   Truman speaks. At congressional election, labor stayed away from the polls, and the Republican 80th Congress was elected.
22:36   Taft, other man shaking hands, talking. Senator Robert Taft has confrontation with John L. Lewis; Taft speaks.
24:50   Strikers asked for veto of Taft/Hartley bill.
24:10   Truman radio address on why he vetoed Taft/Hartley bill.
24:27   Walter Reuther, United Auto Workers, speaks against Taft/Hartley bill.
24:45   Truman speaks, excerpt from Labor Day address, September 6, 1948. Detroit, Michigan.
25:12   Truman speaks of partnership between Labor and management.