John S. Service Oral History Interview, Appendicies

Oral History Interview with
John S. Service

Political adviser to the Commander in Chief of American forces in the China-Burma-India Theater, 1943-45; executive officer to the political adviser to the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in the Far East, 1945-46; First Secretary of the American Legation, Wellington, New Zealand, 1946-48.

Berkeley, California
by the University of California Bancroft Library/Berkeley Regional Oral History Office (Rosemary Levenson interviewer)


[Notices and Restrictions | Interview Transcript | Additional John S. Service Chapters]

This is a transcript of a tape-recorded interview donated to the Harry S. Truman Library. The reader should remember that this is essentially a transcript of the spoken, rather than the written word, although some editing was done.

Numbers appearing in square brackets (ex. [45]) within the transcript indicate the pagination in the original, hardcopy version of the oral history interview.

All uses of this manuscript are covered by a legal agreement between the Regents of the University of California and John S. Service, dated March 7, 1980.

No part of the manuscript may be quoted for publication without the written permission of the Director of The Bancroft Library of the University of California. Requests for permission to quote for publication should be addressed to the Regional Oral History Office, 486 Library, and should include identification of the specific passages to be quoted, anticipated use of the passages, and identification of the user. The legal agreement with John S. Service requires that he be notified of the request and allowed thirty days in which to grant or deny permission.

It is recommended that this oral history be cited as follows:

John S. Service, "State Department Duty in China, The McCarthy Era, and After, 1933-1977," an oral history conducted 1977-1978 by Rosemary Levenson, Regional Oral History Office, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, 1981.

Opened March, 1980
Harry S. Truman Library
Independence, Missouri

[Top of the Page | Notices and Restrictions | Interview Transcript | Additional John S. Service Chapters]

Oral History Interview with
John S. Service

Berkeley, California
October 24, 1977
by the University of California Bancroft Library/Berkeley Regional Oral History Office (Rosemary Levenson interviewer)




Partial genealogy of the Service family 2a,b

Letter from Roy Service, 02, to the California Monthly. January, 1927 18a,b

A directory of foreigners resident in Chengtu, January, 1919. 25a

[Chinese names of denominations omitted. Ed.] Boggs and Service family photographs 31a

Letter from Grace Boggs Service to her mother describing preparations for an ethnographic trip into Tibet, plus some fashion notes. July 29, 1921 41a-c

Family, school, and college photographs 66a

Ratings on John S. Service's written and oral examinations for the Foreign 93a,b

Service, 1932-1933 General information concerning the Yunnanfu consular district. 104a

Revised, February 1, 1931 Notice of appointment as Foreign Service officer, unclassified, October, 1935 114a

Yunnanfu, Peking, Shanghai, and Chungking photographs 132a

Congratulations on promotion from the division of Far Eastern Affairs, 142a

signed by John Carter Vincent, Stanley K. Hornbeck, et al. , April 15, 1935 Dinner honoring Clarence Edward Gauss: Menu from the Columbia Country 142b

Club, Shanghai, March 30, 1940 Letters of commendation from John B. Sawyer and Clarence Gauss, 1941 153a

Letter from John S. Service to Caroline and Mother, Shanghai, April 7, 1941 158a,b

John S. Service's place card from dinner given by Chiang Kai-shek to honor 165a

Nelson T. Johnson. Personal card, China-Burma-India theater Excerpts from Stanley K. Hornbeck s memorandum on Service's despatch 228a-c

of January 23, 1944. July 27, 1944 Certificate from H.Q. U.S. Army Forces, China-Burma-India theater 266a


The Dixie Mission, and Ambassador Hurley with Mao Tse-tung and 282a

Chou En-lai, photographs Letter to John Davies from John S. Service, February 14, 1945 306a

Letter from John S. Service to his mother, written from a Washington jail, 313a

July 27, 1945 Editorial on Grand Jury's unanimous decision that Service had no charges to 328a

answer in Amerasia case. Washington Post, August 21, 1945 Theodore White's testimony before the Committee on Foreign Relations, 338a-d

U.S. Senate, 79th Congress, December 10, 1945. United States-China Relations, Washington, 1971 "Senators Told of Tampering with State Department Secret Files" 348a
David McConnell, New York Herald Tribune, February 5, 1953 Speech of Senator Joseph McCarthy: Wisconsin Retail Food Dealers 365a

Association, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, August 6, 1950. And Service and McCarthy departing Senate Foreign Relations Committee, June, 1950 Excerpt of remarks by Herve J. L'Heureux, chairman of the executive 367a

committee, Foreign Service Association, in support of Jack Service, March 29, 1950 Four sample cards from the Service index to the Tydings Committee 377a

hearings John S. Service to the Secretary of State. Formal request to have his name 384a

removed from the promotion list: March 23, 1951 Letter from John S. Service to his mother describing the Loyalty Review 388a

Board hearings, November 10, 1951 John S. Service's press release on his dismissal from the Foreign Service, 392a

December 13, 1951 State Department press release, ibid. 392b Transcript of Eric Sevareid's radio talk, December 14, 1951 394a-c

"They Fought Communism and Were Smeared." National Wage Earner, 401a Vol. 2, #9, p. 25, October, 1951 Collage of newspaper headlines on Service firing, December, 1951 402a


Notarized letter from Annalee Jacoby (Fadiman) to John S. Service 404a,b

testifying to her knowledge of the birth of Valentine (Yun-ju) Chao's baby in New York, September 19, 1946, seventeen months after Service left China "McCarthy Reveals Review Board 'Transcript' Hitting State Department" 405a

Washington Post, January 6, 1952 History of SARCO 410a

Mrs. Grace Boggs Service s death announcement and poem, written by her, March, 1943. Died October 20, 1954 423a

Letter from Caroline Service to her mother, describing the United States Supreme Court hearings, April 1, 1957 434a-c

Statement of John S. Service prepared in advance of the Supreme Court decision, June 17, 1957 435a

Berkeley and China photographs 460a

"Security Case Star Works at UC Center" Tocsin: The West's Leading Anti-Communist Weekly, February 11, 1965, Vol. 6, #5, p. l 470a

Obituary of Chou En-lai by John S. Service, Los Angeles Times, 480a,b

January 14, 1976 New Yorker advertisement featuring E.J. Kahn Jr.'s profile of 488a

John S. Service, April 6, 1972 "Some Questions for John Stewart Service," suggested by Concerned Voters 491a

Honorary degree citation, LL.D, Oberlin College, May, 1977 513a,b


NOTE:  Appendix I – PAGES 519, 520, 521, 522 will be added in the near future





Clearances of JSS

A.  Judicial

1.  Grand Jury, August 1945, unanimous no-bill after testimony by JSS

(Parenthetically, Ed, there s a point here that might be relevant to some of MacGuineas' statements before the Circuit Court and to some of the discussion between the Justices and MacGuineas in the Supreme Court:  you will recall that my legal ownership of my copies of the memoranda and reports involved was recognized by the fact that the Department of Justice returned to me personally after the Grand Jury action.)

2.  There was also the Special Grand Jury in New York that "ran away" with an investigation of the Amerasia Case in the Spring of 1950.  So far as I know the only information on their proceedings is their Presentment of June 15, 1950.  No mention is made of me but note sub-paragraph (d):  

"The Grand Jury has also found no evidence to Indicate that the Department of Justice was remiss in its presentation of the case".

The easiest source on this is the Tydings Report, pages 136-7.

3.  District Court proceedings and opinion in my case, June, 1955

4.  Circuit Court proceedings and opinion, 1956

5. Supreme Court 22", 1957

This, I admit, is stretching a long bow. "That I am thinking of is the Govt's stout affirmation before all three Courts that my case did not involve either loyalty or security. This was accepted inferentially by the District Court, specifically by the Circuit...and we await the "Supreme.  At any rate, this argument of the Government's that my case was not one of loyalty or security may be a useful one to turn against them in case of need.



B. Legislative

1.  Senate:  Committee on Foreign Relations.  December 1945.  Hearings on charges by Patrick J. Hurley against JS and other Foreign Service officers.   Service defended by Secretary of State Byrnes.  Charges found unsubstantiated.

2.  House:  Subcommittee of the Committee on the Judiciary (the "Hobbs Committee").

Investigated Amerasia case and handling of it from April (?) to October, 1946.  Heard witnesses including Larson, bit not JS.  I don't have a copy at hand.  But the tenor of the Subcommittee's findings were that:  no agency or officer of the Government was at fault in any way in the handling and disposition of the case.

3.  House:  Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations. January (?), 1949.

During hearings on State Appropriations, Scripps-Howard got hold of the story that I was serving on the Selection Board.  The Subcommittee raised the question and finally devoted considerable time to testimony from Peurifoy, Ravndal (Director Gen. of the foreign Service) and the "State Dept. Security Chief.  Their conclusion was that I was OK but that State's "public relations" may have been questionable in putting me in the spot. Later, one of the Republican members (Stefan of Nebraska) was apparently interested in meeting me, had me to lunch at the Capitol restaurant, said that the Committee was fully satisfied and he was sure I would not have any trouble in